DISCLAIMER: We are not liable for you practicing these methods on yourself or others. Please always seek medical attention if and when available.
General tips from a nurse
Pepper Spray/Tear Gas
- Wear light layers covering all skin to protect against irritants
- Don’t use oil based products on your skin, like sunscreen, because they can trap chemicals and irritants. Protect yourself from the sun with hats/light layers
- If you normally wear contacts, wear your glasses instead. Irritants can get stuck under contacts
- If you come in contact with irritant, blow your nose, rinse out your mouth, cough, and spit to expel as much of the irritant. (Not on other people please, thanks COVID)
- Bring a bandana soaked in water in a plastic bag. If you come in contact with an irritant, cover your mouth with the bandana to help protect against irritant
- Don’t compromise your own safety. You can’t help other people if you are hurt.
- If you see someone who looks like they may require CPR, quickly assess if they are breathing or have a pulse (carotid pulse in their neck is easiest). Don’t waste time! Do this in less than 10 seconds.
- Shout for someone else in the crowd to call 911 and look for an AED
Remember CAB- Compressions-Airway-Breathing
- Compressions- Start compressions immediately: put one hand over the other and make a fist. Start compressions on the lower third of their breastbone at 100-120 bpm. Sing “Stayin Alive” to keep yourself on beat.
- Airway- tilt head back and and lift their chin to open their airway
- Breathing- If you feel comfortable delivering rescue breaths, pinch their nose, cover their entire mouth with yours, and deliver two rescue breaths.
- Compressions and rescue breaths should be done at a rate of 30:2.
- Keep yourself safe. Be aware of your surroundings.
- Have your ID and emergency contact info on you in case you’re the one in danger.
Some original sources